Top 4 Dental Problems and Their Treatments

Your face is often the first thing people notice about you, and your teeth and smile stand out in that. To have flawless dental health and a charming smile, here are the four main dental problems that require immediate treatment.

  1. Tooth Decay

Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is one of the most common dental problems. Tooth decay is caused when a bacteria called plaque forms a film on the surface of your teeth. The bacteria produce acid from the sugars in food which attacks the enamel and starts working on the softer dentin layer beneath the enamel. This can cause cavities or small holes in your teeth. 

You can prevent tooth decay with regular (twice daily) brushing and flossing. Also, schedule regular dental check-ups with your dentist to improve your oral health and dental hygiene.

  1. Bad Breath

Bad breath (or halitosis) is another dental problem which everyone has suffered at least once in their life. Bad breath might occur due to several reasons like eating spices such as garlic and onion, not brushing and flossing your teeth regularly, etc. You can avoid halitosis by taking the following measures:

  • Regularly brushing and flossing your teeth
  • Changing your diet
  • Changing your toothbrush frequently
  • Scheduling regular appointments with your dentist.
  1. Sensitive Teeth

When the enamel is worn away and the dentin is exposed, your teeth becomes sensitive to hot & cold foods and drinks. The dentin consists of small tubes which lead to the deeper nerve inside the tooth. Consuming hot or cold substances can cause intense pain as they travel along the tubes to the nerve. 

Tooth sensitivity can be caused by factors such as gum disease, root infection, enamel erosion, etc. There are specific kinds of toothpaste and mouthwashes for sensitive teeth. Your doctor might also suggest treatments like gum graft or a root canal, depending on the severity of your case.

  1. Cracked or Broken Teeth

Cracked or broken teeth can be caused by an injury, grinding of teeth while sleeping, chewing hard foods like apricot, sugarcane, etc. As you might have experienced before, it can cause a lot of pain and damage. You must consult your doctor immediately regardless of your pain endurance and get it checked. 

Most dentists recommend dental veneer or use a two-coloured filling to fix cracked/broken teeth. Some may even prefer bonding treatment depending upon the gravity of your injury.

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